Structuring schema of the methodology
Introduction to the notion
The methodology is concerned with notions that can be categorized in the following manner:
- first, the elements that emerge from the description of the object studied;
- then, the instructions that enable us to organize the collective work;
- finally, the operating procedures that guide the individual work.
These three groups of methodological contributions are relatively independent. We can treat them as dimensions. We name them respectively Product, Process, Procedures and methods. The analysis of the methodological field, split in three chapters, is represented by the Pro3 schema (pronounced: “pro cube”).
In addition to the three chapters that constitute the methodology in the strictest sense, a fourth has to be added: that of the aims. It deals with the requirements and motivations that preside over the drawing up of the methods. It enables us to broaden our methodological thinking and include the justifications within. In this way, the methodology joins the quality approach, in the sense of giving due weighting to effort.
Key question: What?
Content: Analysis of the objects produced or transformed, study of their composition (notably, theory of enterprise)
Key question: How can we organize ourselves collectively?
Content: Organization, roles, processes, procedures, phasing… Most popular component of the methodology. Equally, notions of lot, iteration, increment and regulation advice.
“Procedures and methods”
Key question: How can we work individually?
Content: Operating modes, techniques (of representation, documentation, analysis, design, etc.).